This article needs additional citations for. Download chord lagu indonesia pdf. Unsourced material may be challenged and removed.Find sources: – ( August 2012) A serial film, film serial (or just serial), movie serial or chapter play, is a motion picture form popular during the first half of the 20th century, consisting of a series of exhibited in consecutive order at one theater, generally advancing weekly, until the series is completed. Generally, each serial involves a single set of characters, protagonistic and antagonistic, involved in a single story, which has been edited into chapters after the fashion of and the episodes cannot be shown out of order or as a single or a random collection of short subjects.Each chapter was screened at a movie theater for one week, and ended with a, in which characters found themselves in perilous situations with little apparent chance of escape. Viewers had to return each week to see the cliffhangers resolved and to follow the continuing story. Movie serials were especially popular with children, and for many youths in the first half of the 20th century a typical Saturday at the movies included at least one chapter of a serial, along with, and two.There were films covering many genres, including, or characters, and jungle adventures. Many serials were, since those were the least expensive to film. Although most serials were filmed economically, some were made at significant expense.
The serial and its sequels, for instance, were major productions in their times. Serials were action-packed stories that usually involved a (or heroes) battling an evil and rescuing.
The villain would continually place the hero into inescapable deathtraps, or the heroine would be placed into a deathtrap and the hero would come to her rescue. The hero and heroine would face one trap after another, battling countless thugs and lackeys, before finally defeating the villain. Poster for (1914)The silent era was the zenith of the movie serial.
Famous American serials of the silent era include and made by and starring. Another popular serial was the 119-episode made by and starring for the first forty-eight episodes then for the remainder., and were also early leading serial queens. Other major studios of the silent era, such as and, produced serials, as did,. Several independent companies (for example, ) made serials. Four silent serials were also made.Serials were a popular form of movie entertainment dating back to Edison's of 1912. (Universal, 1936). (Weiss Bros., 1936).
(Republic, 1936). (Universal, 1936). (Republic, 1936).
(Victory, 1936). (Universal, 1936). (Weiss Bros., 1936). (Weiss Bros., 1936).
(Universal, 1936). (Republic, 1936). (Republic, 1936). (Victory, 1937). (Republic, 1937). (Universal, 1937).
(Weiss Bros./Columbia, 1937). (Universal,1937). (Victory.
September 28, 2013. Retrieved July 7, 2019. October 12, 2004. Retrieved July 7, 2019. Genome.ch.bbc.co.uk. 'Progressive Silent Film List: Tarzan the Mighty'. Retrieved February 21, 2008.
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Golden Age of the Serial, retrieved 10th July 2007Further reading. Robert K. Klepper, Silent Films, 1877-1996, A Critical Guide to 646 Movies, McFarland & Company,. Lahue, Kalton C. Bound and Gagged: The Story of the Silent Serials. New York: Castle Books 1968.
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Lahue, Kalton C. Continued Next Week: A History of the Moving Picture Serial. University of Oklahoma Press. 1969External links., Index of Silent Era Serials.